List of Roman gladiator types. High status non-Romans, and possibly Romans too, volunteered as his gladiators. At Pompeii's amphitheatre, during Nero's reign, the trading of insults between Pompeians and Nucerian spectators during public ludi led to stone throwing and riot. Among the cognoscenti, bravado and skill in combat were esteemed over mere hacking and bloodshed; some gladiators made their careers and reputation from bloodless victories. Their Campanian allies stage a dinner entertainment using gladiators who may not be Samnites, but play the Samnite role. The dearth of freemen necessitated a new kind of enlistment; 8, sturdy youths from amongst the slaves were armed at the public cost, after they had each been asked whether they were willing to serve or no. Rome's military success produced a supply of soldier-prisoners who were redistributed for use in State mines or amphitheatres and for sale on the open market.
The story is told in Pompeian graffiti and high quality wall painting, with much boasting of Pompeii's "victory" over Nuceria.
Bustuarius is found in Tertullian's De Spectaculis Suetonius has the populace wish the same fate on Tiberius 's body, a form of damnatio: Very little evidence survives of the religious beliefs of gladiators as a class, or their expectations of an afterlife. Rome's military success produced a supply of soldier-prisoners who were redistributed for use in State mines or amphitheatres and for sale on the open market. Init won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. According to Cassius Dio, the emperor Caracalla gave the gladiator Bato a magnificent memorial and State funeral;  more typical are the simple gladiator tombs of the Eastern Roman Empire, whose brief inscriptions include the following:. Many, if not most, involved venationesand in the later Empire some may have been only that.